July 28, 1868 – 14th Amendment granting blacks full citizenship rights, becomes part of the Constitution.
July 29, 1895 – First National Conference of Colored Women Convention is held in Boston.
July 30, 1822 – James Varick becomes first bishop of African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church.
July 31, 1874 – Patrick Francis Healy inaugurated as president of Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.
August 1, 1879 – Mary Eliza Mahoney graduates from the New England Hospital for Women and Children, becoming the first black professional nurse in America.
August 2, 1924 – James Baldwin, author of Go Tell It On The Mountain, The Fire Next Time, and Another Country, born.
August 3, 1800 – Gabriel Prosser leads slave revolt in Richmond, VA.