Entrepreneur Diamonique Valentine was 27 when she first shared her breast cancer diagnosis on Instagram in 2019.
Her diagnosis was stage 3 triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), an aggressive form of breast cancer because of how quickly it grows, according to the American Cancer Society.
She decided to go to the doctor after finding a lump on her breast, but admits that she never thought having cancer could happen to her.
“That moment I was diagnosed it was like, ‘You have cancer. OK, you’re gonna die,’” Valentine shared.
“It just seemed unreal,” Valentine told CBS News. “It felt like a nightmare.”
With the support of her husband, Marcus, Valentine underwent 16 rounds of chemotherapy and a double mastectomy.
“Being there to support her has been one of the most amazing, biggest blessings that we’ve had, because a lot of people don’t have that,” Marcus Valentine shared at the time.
Breast cancer in women under 40
Black women under 40 are more likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer than white women, according to a study published in the Journal of Surgical Research.
When cancer is found in young women, it is typically more aggressive and more difficult to treat, according to Dr. Margaret Thompson, a doctor in breast services at Cleveland Clinic Florida.
“In younger age women, the biology of the tumor tends to present with more aggressive features, compared to postmenopausal women,” Thompson said.
Unfortunately, women under 40 don’t fall in the recommended age of women that should receive a mammogram.
The American Cancer Society recommends that women ages 50 to 54 should have annual mammography exams and women over 55 should be screened every two years or once a year.
Even when women under 40 are able to receive a mammogram, the results may not always be accurate.
Breast cancer is more difficult to spot in younger women because their breast tissue tends to be dense. This makes it hard for tumors to be spotted even on mammograms causing many women to be misdiagnosed, according to the Cleveland Clinic.
“I wish that I would have advocated a little bit more and was a little bit more diligent in finding someone who would screen me with no insurance,” Valentine added.
Fortunately, Valentine is now cancer free and looking forward to the next years of her life, which includes being a mom to her son Mali, who was born in May.
“He’s everything that me and my family needed. He is like the reward after the storm,” she said adding that she knew she wanted to be a mother and she and her husband were hoping for the best. “Nothing makes me more grateful.”
She’s also focused on raising awareness on the importance of self-exams, especially for young women who may not be aware of their risks.
How to perform breast self-exams
Examining your breasts should be done in 5 steps:
Step 1: Examine your breasts in a mirror with your hands on your hips
Step 2: Raise your arms and examine your breasts
Step 3: Look for signs of breast fluid
Step 4: Feel for breast lumps while lying down
Step 5: Feel your breasts for Lumps while standing or sitting
Here’s what you should look for:
• Breasts that are their usual size, shape, and color
• Breasts that are evenly shaped without visible distortion or swelling
If you see any of the following changes, you should see a doctor: dimpling, puckering, or bulging of the skin; a nipple that has changed position, or an inverted nipple (pushed inward instead of sticking out); redness; soreness; rash, or swelling. For more information on performing breast self-exams, visit https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/breast-exam/about/pac-20393237.